Four Common Overuse Injuries in Sports

April 10, 2020 6:16 am Published by Leave your thoughts

An overuse injury is painful and limits the extent of your sports training. Since it often results from overtraining, it is common among elite athletes, but also young athletes who are dedicated. Overuse injury prevention in Las Vegas, NV is important to learn if you wish to avoid pain and enhance your performance. Here are four common overuse injuries in sports and how to prevent them:

  • Tennis elbow: Despite the name, only 5 percent of cases actually play tennis, racquetball or squash. Anyone who uses their wrist and elbow repetitively, such as pitchers and weightlifters, can develop this condition. It is a form of tendonitis, which is the inflammation of tendons, and in tennis elbow, this mainly affects the tendons in the outer side of the forearm. Symptoms include pain and tenderness outside the elbow, along with redness, swelling, weakness and, sometimes, numbness and tingling.
  • Golfer’s elbow: This overuse injury in Las Vegas, NV is similar to tennis elbow, except that it affects different tendons. While tennis elbow hits the tendons on the outside of the forearm, golfer’s elbow causes issues with the tendons on the inside of the elbow. It has the same symptoms, including pain, swelling, redness, numbness and tingling. Golfer’s elbow affects 1 to 3 percent of the population, usually men between the ages of 35 and 50. It is also a common affliction among office workers who repetitively use their wrists and elbows.
  • Impingement syndrome: Also called swimmer’s shoulder or thrower’s shoulder, impingement syndrome involves painful inflammation of tendons rubbing on the shoulder blade. It is most noticeable when reaching overhead or behind the back. Many sufferers also notice muscle weakness and wake up in pain when they roll over on the affected shoulder. Around half of all shoulder complaints are related to impingement syndrome.
  • Golfer’s knee: Golfers put tremendous strain on their dominant knee during a swing. Even a well-executed swing places 4.5 times the body weight on the forward knee and 3.2 times on the opposite knee. Over time, this causes painful inflammation around the knee. Those who suffer this syndrome face pain, tenderness, swelling and even clicking, grinding or weakness. Eventually, this can lead to structural damage. While this happens more frequently with recreational golfers than among professionals, the rate of incidence increases with age.

Overuse injuries are best prevented by varying your movement. Do not do anything repetitively, and take breaks. Never increase repetitions by more than 10 percent each week. Also, take one day off every week from training, and if you play a sport, replace it with other physical activity three months out of the year. This will not only prevent overuse injuries, but will also help you train other areas of your body.

For young athletes, limit participation to one sport and team per season. Do not push specialization in a sport before late adolescence, as that can result in injury and burnout.

Bernard Ong, M.D. is an experienced orthopedic surgeon. For overuse injury prevention and treatment in Las Vegas, NV, contact us today to schedule a consultation, or ask for a referral from your primary care physician.

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